NBS Simulation Visualisation Tool

The Nature Based Solution (NBS) Simulation Visualization Tool is a tool developed under the UNaLab project. This tool permits to evaluate and discuss how much the nature-based solutions could impact on urban change adaptation simulating the effects on social, economic, and environmental domains. You can find more information about Nature Based Solutions here

What are Nature Based Solutions?

Nature Based Solutions take inspiration from the nature to solve environmental problems.
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What are key impact indicators?

Key Impact Indicators (KII) indicate the capability of a NBS on changing the urban conditions. KII are classified in Air Quality, Urban Sprawl, Urban Heating and Flooding according to the different domains of the urban environment. The help online provides basic description and unit measurement to ease the understanding and help you determine which indicators are interest for comparisons. You can find more information about KII here

How it works

Select your city

Select the city to be evaluated

Choose a scenario

Select the social, economic, or environmental type of indicator you are interested to evaluate

Compare

Maps and charts allow you to compare base scenario and NBS intervetion effects across the selected indicator and scale

Select your city

Select the city to be evaluated

Current Situation in Eindhoven

Overview:

Eindhoven is situated in the county of Noord-Brabant, in the south of the Netherlands. The city has more than 225.000 citizens and is, because of that, the fifth largest city of the Netherlands and the biggest city in its county. The name of the city is a conjunction of the words 'eind', which means end, and 'hove' meaning courtyard. As known by now this might refer to the end of a colony.


Eindhoven is known for its innovative nature. The city is the father of the Philips company which brought light to the world. Philips changed the city into an industrial giant which has brought the city a lot of good things. Nowadays, the city of Eindhoven is known for its chances and opportunities. The city is in a constant flow of creativity, work ethic, fun and thinking power. Nowadays, Eindhoven bursts with energy and likes to be explored and discovered by a lot of people.


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The main issues are:

- Water on streets after heavy rainfall due to insufficient urban drainage capacity;

- Combined sewer outlets polluting vulnerable surface waters with higher ecological functions and values;

- Malfunctioning of the remaining surface waters due to closing of former streams or connecting these to combined sewer systems;

- A large waste water treatment plant, serving 750,000 inhabitants, discharging effluent on a small surface water area, with insufficient biological treatment capacity in periods of large (diluted) sewage supply after heavy rainfall; and

- Groundwater entering basements of houses due to building in former wetlands, combined with reductions in groundwater extractions.

A long term program has been developed to tackle these problems. The measures envisaged include:

- changing the sewer system from combined to separate sewers; and

- the (re-) opening of various watercourses throughout the city.


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Current Situation in Tampere

Overview:

Tampere is the third largest city in Finland, and the largest inland centre in the Nordic countries with a population density of 448 inhabitants per square kilometer. Tampere is one of the three most rapidly developing regions in Finland; it is a centre of leading-edge technology, research, education, culture, sports and business. ', which means end, and 'hove' meaning courtyard. As known by now this might refer to the end of a colony.


There are 200 lakes and ponds in Tampere, and a total of 450 in the entire region, which amount to 24% of Tampere's surface area. There are also numerous nature reserves in the city, with Pyynikki and Viikinsaari near the city centre being the best-known examples. Tampere is also a very green city, with parks and green areas amounting to 2,400 hectares, approximately 100 square meters per inhabitant.


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The main issues are:

- Water pollution over a large area in the southern portion of the city;

- Flood risk in the center of the Keskinen district;

- Air pollution in specific high-traffic roadways of the Keskinen district;

- High ambient noise due to urban activity in certain zones of the Keskinen and Koillinen districts;

- Habitat loss and lack of green in certain zones of the Keskinen and Koillinen districts;

- Urban densification and livability issues in the city center in the Keskinen district.

With the implementation of Nature based Solutions (NBS), some of these issues can be alleviated, or even solved, while creating more pleasant natural spaces for the population and increasing general well-being.


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Current Situation in Genova

Overview:

Genova is a large port city in the north-west of Italy. It is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in the country, with over 850 000 residents.


Genova has had extensive importance as a port city since the 11th century, with a powerful naval fleet and a lead role in Europe's maritime trade routes. Later known for its shipyards and steelworks, Genova's port remains just as important to this day, being the busiest in the country and in all of the Mediterranean sea.

The modern Genova is the perfect tourist destination to enjoy both historic and contemporary architecture, as well the city’s rich culture and history.


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The main issues are:

- Noise and air pollution from the port area up to the center of the city;

- Flood risk in the upper section and city centre;

- Lack of green spaces and biodiversity throughout most of the city;

- Low income and other socio-economic problems in several areas throughout the city;

- Erosion and general lack of maintenance in some points of the city.

With the implementation of Nature based Solutions (NBS), some of these issues can be alleviated, or even solved, while creating more pleasant natural spaces for the population and increasing general well-being.


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